As Mahatma Gandhi once said, “It is health that is real wealth and not pieces of gold and silver”, we can know how much important our health is irrespective of the wealth we are having.
The population of India is growing day by day but the health care facilities available to the people are not increasing in the same proportion as the population. Especially in rural areas the health care facilities available to the people are very poor in comparison to the urban areas. The situation of the families living in those areas where there is deprived health care, underscores human disregard and shows us a basic failure i.e. the disruption of the public healthcare system in India.
Consecutive governments vowed to revamp the health care system in India, including PM Narendra Modi who announced 24,000 crore for national health protection scheme. But no big difference can be felt, which shows the ignorance of the society as well as the government on this issue. We can witness wide disparities in the provision of health care across different states, urban and rural population.
Delhi spends on an average 10.1% of all its spending from 2010-11 and it remains the best performing state with respect to all other states in terms of health care services. Rajasthan and our national capital are the two states where wellbeing expenses has expanded by 2% or a greater amount of their complete spending since the year 2011.
Most of the states feel that there is no need of allocating more of their spending on health care. This is the major fault which is happening in India due to which many people are dying. Even after 72 years post-independence, health care in India remains an issue of luxury and only the rich people can afford it. People wish to visit private hospitals because of the fact that efficient doctors are available only there and also they are forced to pay more than their capacity since they are deprived of public health care system.
Rich people can afford most of the health care services and they are having choices to choose from. But low-income groups are not in a position to choose, since they have only limited options of health care in India.
The development of a country is not just about tallying its agricultural, services and industrial balance sheets. It is quite important to focus on the performance of the Human Development Indices. The state of the health care system is a tool to assess how a state is performing. For a country like India, it is more important to measure the health care system.
The consequence of deprived health care is that it will drastically increase the mortality rate of the nation, which is a bad indicator of Human Development Index. In order to deal with the consequences of deprived health care:
- Government has to allocate a major portion of their spending in developing health care system, especially focusing the rural areas
- In public health care, the costs of availing the services should be kept lower so that people who are not financially stable will be able to avail the services
- Improve the availability of medicines and vaccines mainly in rural areas so the people are not prone to fatal diseases