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Child labour refers to a state of condition where the children below a legally specified age are exploited and forced to work. Lakhs of children around the globe, are being trapped and exploited through child labour, thus stealing away their childhood from them.  Out of these children working in sectors such as agriculture, domestic labour and mining etc, most of them work under hazardous conditions. Outcome of this deprivation of childhood harms these children’s health as well as education, resulting in a life of misery and poverty.
Although child labour is something which can be avoided, there are many people who still thinks that child labour is something inevitable. In India the proportion of child labour has reduced compared to previous years, but when we have a look at the actual number of children facing the issue, it has risen more than the number of children earlier. This clearly proves that the literacy rate is also hampered due to the rising number of children working under the legally specified age.  
There are various protection methods adopted worldwide in order to protect children from being exploited due to child labour. In India the first law to control child labour was enacted in the year 1881 when the Factories Act was passed, thus prohibiting the children below the age of 7 from working in factories. In the further amendment of the Factories Act in the subsequent years, the age limit also gradually raised to 14 years.
A total control over the child labour came after the enactment of The Child Labour Act in 1986 thus minimizing the total children employed below the age of 14. The Act also stated that the person who employs a child below the age of 14 would also be imprisoned for a minimum of 3 months up to a limit of 1 year and would also be fined up to 2000 rupees. Thus, the Child Labour Act prohibited children from working in a workshop or restaurant or any other place where production is taking place.
All these efforts taken by the government has helped tremendously in reducing the child labour rate over years. Since child labour is considered as a problem affecting worldwide, associations like UNICEF has also taken immense interest in reducing child labour through Child Labour Protection. Thus, Child labour is a universal problem which is being kept in control.